Although it’s impossible to trace the exact date of the first slang usage of “dough” as a term for money, it seems to have originated in the 19th century. Since bread was the traditional everyday necessity of life, to earn one’s living was to earn one’s bread, therefore bread became synonymous with money. On some unknown day, an individual whose identity is lost to historians simply substituted the word dough, and a new slang term came into use.


Transaction / Translation

Lai-I-Chern – Transaction / Translation
10th Taipei Biennial “Gestures and Archives of the Present, Genealogies of the Future”
Taipei Fine Art Museum, Taipei, 2016

“The two-year-long project Transaction / Translation is an attempt to preserve myself within society. Trying to leave a trace of me on the planet, trying to keep myself existing as long as possible, trying to prove that I ever existed, trying to make myself a reference of the present.[…] I develop my work in the context of monetary circulation in Taiwan, using one-hundred NTD (New Taiwan Dollar) notes as a medium for self-preservation. I always start with baking 24 breads conserving my labour, translating the breads into money by selling them for 100 NTD each and using the notes for further exchanges.

Read more about her work here.


The midwife’s blessing

The midwife’s blessing – Daczó Enikő and Kolumbán Hanna
2015 November / Saint George, Romania

This work is part of a thematic contemporary art exhibition  named ANAHITA made by the above mentioned artists who shares their interests in defining womanhood: the sensitivity of the female soul, grievances and joys. The aim of the exhibition is the breakdown of social stereotypes of womanhood.

Bread museum

In 1955 the first bread museum was born in Ulm as “German Bread Museum”. In 2002,
has been renamed to “Museum of Bread Culture” in order to improve their transformed content. Today, the collection of Museum is about 18,000 pieces from different cultures and many parts of the world. Special interest is the cultural importance of bread from ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean to the rice cultures of Asia…

A special feature of the collection makes the collection of works of visual art. Examples are the outstanding artists such as Ernst Barlach, Max Beckmann, George Grosz, Kathe Kollwitz and Pablo Picasso. Another focus are the paintings of the 17’th Century, with religious and secular works by Pieter Brueghel the Younger, Jan Flegel, or Frans Francken. Finally, a significant inventory made of contemporary works, demonstrating the extent to which artists like Man Ray, Salvador Dalí, Joseph Beuys or Mark Lüpertz have dealt with the issue.

Find out more on their website (german only)



Copyright MTC

Louise Fresco on TED

Louise Fresco – Feeding the whole world

2009 Feb.TED –
18 minute talk

“Louise Fresco shows us why we should celebrate mass-produced, supermarket-style white bread. She says environmentally sound mass production will feed the world, yet leave a role for small bakeries and traditional methods”-

She’s talk was very unilateral, and she missed a lot of details, and that’s why there are a lot of interesting comments.

Here are some good comments:

Stop buying mass produced bread that somehow have 15-20 ingredients instead of: flour, yeast, water ,salt and whatever niceness you feel like putting in it.” – Karl Andre Bru/source,TED

Well said! I wonder how much this womam was paid to give this talk? As you say bread has only four ingredients. Ideally they should be organic as other wheat is sprayed I don’t know how many times and retains the dangerous toxins in the valuable bran layers. White bread is a non food in fact a consultant surgeon friend of ours actually called it poison. People who eat white bread are likely to supper from diverticular disease caused by constipation and ultimately they may even get cancer of the bowl which is the chemical manifestation of constipation.” – Neville Gay/source,TED

Wonderbread(white sliced bread) may be a good solution in an underdeveloped country where people are starving to death. In the Land of Choice (a/k/a USoA), the qualitative difference between the white bread and whole grain virtually punches you in the face…” – AJ/ source nextnature

…the point is still very valid – that population growth will only be aggravated by having more food available. Though not the most humanitarian perspective. It’s a very likely and unfortunate case.” – meemers542 / source – YouTube